A rare bird of montane forests in the three Andes of Colombia (1300-2800m) and Amazonian lowlands that joins mix flocks and follows army ants. Widely distributed from southern Mexico to Argentina.

Can be seen above the town of Soatá in dense Oak forests (Eastern Andes) and more rarely at Otún-Quimbaya Wildlife Sanctuary in the Central Andes. Also, at ProAves´s El Dorado reserve in the Santa Marta Mountains.

Image taken at Soatá´s Oak forests.